Volume 9 Number 3 (Jul. 2019)
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IJBBB 2019 Vol.9(3): 166-172 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2019.9.3.166-172

Assessing Ecotoxicity of Aerosol Samples Using Higher Plants as Test Organisms

Nora Kováts, Eszter Horváth, Bettina Eck-Varanka, Eszter Csajbók, Katalin Hubai, András Hoffer
Abstract—Plants are widely applied in the assessment of the ecological effects of airborne contaminants, using individual level symptoms such as growth inhibition or leaf injury. The same symptoms can be used in controlled ecotoxicological tests where the dose–effect relationships can be established and a quantitative estimation can be given on the toxic effect. In our study Cucumis sativus L. and Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. test plants were sprayed with the aqueous extract of urban aerosol samples, following the protocol as described by the No. 227 OECD GUIDELINE FOR THE TESTING OF CHEMICALS: Terrestrial Plant Test: Vegetative Vigour Test. After the termination of the test, on Day 21, fresh weight and leaf length were measured as end-points. It was found that the extract elucidated stimulatory effect on both fresh weight and leaf length in case of C. sativus, while L. esculentum remained less responsive. Our results are in concordance with literature data reporting on the nutrient content of atmospheric aerosol.

Index Terms—Aerosol, ecotoxicity, vegetative vigour test, nutrients.

The authors are with University of Pannonia, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Hungary (email: kovats@almos.uni-pannon.hu).

Cite: Nora Kováts, Eszter Horváth, Bettina Eck-Varanka, Eszter Csajbók, Katalin Hubai, András Hoffer, "Assessing Ecotoxicity of Aerosol Samples Using Higher Plants as Test Organisms," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 166-172, 2019.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. Bioinform.
Frequency: Quarterly 
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing:  Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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