Volume 9 Number 1 (Jan. 2019)
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IJBBB 2019 Vol.9(1): 42-50 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2019.9.1.42-50

Lipid-Lowering Property of Flavonoid-Rich Portion of Combretum Micranthumon High Fat Diet Induced Hyperlipidemic Rats

Abba Babandi, NajibullahDanjuma Musa, MurtalaYa’u, Hafeez Muhammad Yakasai, Dayyabu Shehu, Kamaludden Babagana, Aminu Ibrahim
Abstract—The lipid-lowering potential of flavonoid-rich portion of Combretum micranthum (CM) on a high-fat diet (HFD) induced albino rats was evaluated. Hyperlipidaemic rats were divided into six groups. Group I (Normal control), group II (HFD-fed only), while group III, IV and V received aqueous methanol (80%) leaf extract of CM at varied doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, respectively, while group VI were given the standard drug- Atorvastatin (4 mg/kg) for two weeks. Total Cholesterol (TC), Triacylglycerol (TAG), High Density Lipoproteins (HDL-C), Creatine Kinase (CK), and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) were assayed spectrophotometrically and Atherogenic Index (AI) calculated using standard formula. GC-MS revealed 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one, 5-oxycatechol and 1,2,3- benzene- triol to be the principal compounds. Significant reduction in TC, TAG, LDL-C, AI, CK, LDH and increased in HDL-C were observed compared to hyperlipidemic control (p<0.05) hence CM could be used in the management of risk of CVDs.

Index TermsCombretummicranthum, flavonoids, GC-MS, hyperlipidemia.

The authors are with Department of Biochemistry, Bayero University, PMB 3011, Kano, Nigeria (email: ababandi.bch@buk.edu.ng).

Cite: Abba Babandi, NajibullahDanjuma Musa, MurtalaYa’u, Hafeez Muhammad Yakasai, Dayyabu Shehu, Kamaludden Babagana, Aminu Ibrahim, "Lipid-Lowering Property of Flavonoid-Rich Portion of Combretum Micranthumon High Fat Diet Induced Hyperlipidemic Rats," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 42-50, 2019.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. Bioinform.
Frequency: Quarterly 
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing:  Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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