Analysis of Muscle Fatigue Using Electromyography Signals in Gastrocnemius Muscle during Isometric Plantar Flexion - Volume 8 Number 2 (Apr. 2018) - IJBBB
Volume 8 Number 2 (Apr. 2018)
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IJBBB 2018 Vol.8(2): 100-106 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2018.8.2.100-106

Analysis of Muscle Fatigue Using Electromyography Signals in Gastrocnemius Muscle during Isometric Plantar Flexion

Mayank Patel, Navaneethkrishna Makaram, Sriram Balasubramanian, Swaminathan Ramakrishnan
Abstract—Fatigue during plantar flexion and the gastrocnemius muscles causes an increase in mediolateral sway and postural control impairment. The purpose of this study is to analyze the variation in the surface electromyography (sEMG) characteristics during isometric plantar flexion. For this, sEMG signals are recorded from the medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscle from 8 subjects and a minimum of 3 trials each, leading to a total of 25 trials per leg. The subjects performed isometric plantar flexion and are asked to hold the position until fatigue. The result shows that the endurance time of each subject vary. On comparing the endurance between legs, a marginal difference is observed. The recorded signal is nonstationary in nature. On visual inspection, the signals show an increase in amplitude with fatigue. The features such as RMS show an increase in value with 20.31% in right leg and 13.93% in the left leg for the signals from medial and lateral gastrocnemius. The proposed muscle fatigue index is a co-contraction based feature and provides better separation between non-fatigue and fatigue. The P-values obtained indicate that the proposed feature performs better than the conventional RMS value with a significance level of P<0.01. This study can be extended to analyze other neuromuscular conditions.

Index Terms—Gastrocnemius, fatigue, root mean square value, surface electromyography, plantar flexion.

Mayank Patel and Sriram Balasubramanian are with School of Biomedical Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America (email: mjp438@drexel.edu).
Navaneethkrishna Makaram and Swaminathan Ramakrishnan are with Department of Applied Mechanics, NIID Lab, IIT Madras, Chennai, India.

Cite: Mayank Patel, Navaneethkrishna Makaram, Sriram Balasubramanian, Swaminathan Ramakrishnan, "Analysis of Muscle Fatigue Using Electromyography Signals in Gastrocnemius Muscle during Isometric Plantar Flexion," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 100-106, 2018.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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