Volume 10 Number 3 (Jul. 2020)
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IJBBB 2020 Vol.10(3): 144-153 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2020.10.3.144-153

Feature Analysis to Estimate Sleep Time Based on Simple Measurement of Biological Information after Awakening

Mahiro Imabeppu, Ren Katsurada, Tatsuhito Hasegawa
Abstract—Currently, many people wear a wristband type device while sleeping to automatically record how many hours they sleep. Even a system without a wearing device, such as a smartphone application, needs to be set in advance. Therefore, automatic recording of sleep time cannot be realized without advanced measurement preparation. In this study, we propose a method to estimate sleep time without advanced preparation based on a simple measurement of biological information after awakening. We extracted 97 types of features from sensor data that were measured using wearable devices. We analyzed whether significant differences between each feature appear according to the previous sleep time. Furthermore, we evaluated the accuracy when the sleep time is estimated by machine learning using features with a significant difference. We adopted Support Vector Machine (SVM) as a machine learning algorithm and Leave-One-Session-Out Cross Validation (LOSO-CV) as an evaluation method. Consequently, there were seven features with significant differences when the biological information was measured one hour after awakening. By using machine learning, the accuracy of the previous sleep time (three sleep time categories: short, medium, or long) was estimated to be 62.5%.

Index Terms—Wearable device, sleep time estimation, support vector machine, electrooculogram.

Mahiro Imabeppu is with Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Fukui, Bunkyo, Fukui, Japan. Ren Katsurada and Tatsuhito Hasegawa are with Graduate School of Engineering, University of Fukui, Bunkyo, Fukui, Japan.

Cite: Mahiro Imabeppu, Ren Katsurada, Tatsuhito Hasegawa, "Feature Analysis to Estimate Sleep Time Based on Simple Measurement of Biological Information after Awakening," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 144-153, 2020.


Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. Bioinform.
Frequency: Quarterly 
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing:  Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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