Volume 8 Number 1 (Jan. 2018)
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IJBBB 2018 Vol.8(1): 53-60 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2018.8.1.53-60

Biosensor of Urine Analysis Based on Graphene Nano Sheet

Ashraf Abdel Raheem, Ashraf Mahroos, Mohamed Salah, Ibrahim Ashour
Abstract—The aim of this work to propose a stable and easy technique to analyze urine based on graphene Nano sheet. Where graphene Nano sheets used as a detector and as well as the rate of electrons transfer into the detector. As a result, the characteristic surface conductivity of graphene makes it a super conductor in a very small size. Urea measurement in urine and blood related to many diseases such as kidney and liver diseases. Sensitive urea measurement in urine and blood really need super conductor graphene sensor which can read the concentration of urea and translate it to micro and milli ampere at specific voltage then compare them with a normal one. The graphene super conductor material is chemical inert which can read a very low concentration and make an accurate prediction of theses serious diseases without any effect on the results within a simple, it produces a stable and accurate performance.

Index Terms—Grapheme, urea, nano sheet, biosensor and super conductor.

Ashraf Abdel Raheem and Mohamed Salah are with Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, El-Minya, Egypt (email: Ashraf.engone2010@gmail.com).
Ashraf Mahroos is with Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Minia, University, El-Minya, Egypt.
Ibrahim Ashour is with Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, El-Minya, Egypt. He is also with Environmental Engineering, Zewail City of Science and Technology, 6th October, Egypt.

Cite: Ashraf Abdel Raheem, Ashraf Mahroos, Mohamed Salah, Ibrahim Ashour, "Biosensor of Urine Analysis Based on Graphene Nano Sheet," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 53-60, 2018.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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