Volume 7 Number 3 (Jul. 2017)
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IJBBB 2017 Vol.7(3): 169-176 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2017.7.3.169-176

Antagonistic Effect and Plant Growth Hormone Produced by Endophyte Bacillus amyloliquefaciens LKM-UL Isolated from Cocoa Plant

Ainon Hamzah, Ishak Zubir, Ernie Eileen Rizlan Ross, Wan Syaidatul Aqma
Abstract—In Malaysia black pod disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora is one of the serious problems causing yield loss in cocoa plantation. In this study, an endophytic bacterium living within tissues of healthy Theobroma cacao L. leaves was isolated and assessed its ability to inhibit the growth of P. palmivora. Based on molecular identification using 16S rDNA gene sequences analysis, this endophytic bacterium was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens which was subsequently named as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens LKM-UL. Preliminary test using dual culture method showed B. amyloliquefaciens LKM-UL has strong ability to inhibit the growth of P. palmivora. B. amyloliquefaciens showed the highest antifungal activity after 24 h incubation in nutrient broth. Cells-free supernatant from B. amyloliquefaciens showed the highest antifungal activity of 30.6 mm with cell concentration of Log1010.63 CFU/mL via agar disc diffusion method. B. amyloliquefaciens LKM-UL also produced plant growth hormone identified as 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), tryptamine, 3-indole propionic acid (IPA), indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), gibberellic acid (GA), trans-zeatin and kinetin.

Index Terms—Antifungal activity, cocoa, endophyte, plant growth hormone.

Ainon Hamzah, Ishak Zubir, and Wan Syaidatul Aqma are with School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia (email: antara@ukm.edu.my).
Ernie Eileen Rizlan Ross is with Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam Selangor, Malaysia.

Cite: Ainon Hamzah, Ishak Zubir, Ernie Eileen Rizlan Ross, Wan Syaidatul Aqma, "Antagonistic Effect and Plant Growth Hormone Produced by Endophyte Bacillus amyloliquefaciens LKM-UL Isolated from Cocoa Plant," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 169-176, 2017.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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