Volume 6 Number 3 (Jul. 2016)
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IJBBB 2016 Vol.6(3): 114-120 ISSN: 2010-3638
doi: 10.17706/ijbbb.2016.6.3.114-120

Mosquito Larvicidal Activity of Triazole Type Brassinosteroid Biosynthesis Inhibitors

Keimei Oh, Haruka Kamada, Kazuhiro Yamada, Yuko Yoshizawa
Abstract—The larval stage of the mosquitoes, harmful human diseases vectors, are attractive targets for insecticides. Because ecdysteroids show striking similarities in chemical structure with plant growth hormone of brassinosteroids (BR), we proposed that BR biosynthesis inhibitors may interfere the ecdysteroid biosynthesis thereby killing the mosquitoes at the larvae stage. To verify this hypothesis, we screening the larvicidal activity of BR biosynthesis inhibitors developed in our laboratory. The larvicidal activity of BR biosynthesis inhibitors were studied by using a laboratory bioassays against 3rd to 4th in star larvae of Aedesaegypti. Among the 28 test compounds, we found that 1-[4-(4-chlorophenoxymethyl)-2-(4-chloro-phenyl)-[1,3]dioxolan-2-ylmethyl]-1H-[1,2,4]triazole(compoun d 22) displayed potent larvicidal activity against Aedesaegypti with an LD50 value approximately 17.8±2.0 M. In conclusion, we found a triazole type new lead compound which displays promising larvicidal activity against Aedesaegypti. Further structure-activity relationships studies may lead to the discovery of new class of insecticide for mosquito control.

Index Terms—Brassinosteroid biosynthesis inhibitor, larvicidal activity, mosquito larvae, Aedesaegypti.

The authors are with Department of Biotechnology, Akita Prefectural University, 241-438, Shimoshijo Nakano, Akita-Shi, Akita 010-0195 Japan (email: jmwang@akita-pu.ac.jp).

Cite: Keimei Oh, Haruka Kamada, Kazuhiro Yamada, Yuko Yoshizawa, "Mosquito Larvicidal Activity of Triazole Type Brassinosteroid Biosynthesis Inhibitors," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 114-120, 2016.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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