Volume 4 Number 4 (Jul. 2014)
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IJBBB 2014 Vol.4(4): 299-303 ISSN: 2010-3638
DOI: 10.7763/IJBBB.2014.V4.359

Variability in the Last Abdominal Sternum of Brontispa longissima Populations Using Outline-Based Geometric Morphometric Analysis

Abigail R. Cuyacot, Emma M. Sabado, and Cesar G. Demayo
Abstract—The coconut plant plays a major role in the economy of many Asian countries including the Philippines and their economies are recently threatened due to a serious outbreak of the coconut leaf beetle, Brontispa longissima (Gestro). This study was conducted to observe if there is an intraspecific morphological variation among the coconut hispine beetle populations in terms of the last abdominal sternum shape to better understand why these pests differed in the level of their infestation in different populations. From outline-based geometric morphometrics analysis, results showed that a considerable sternum shape variation among the populations is studied. Morphological sternum shape variations were verified statistically in Principal Component Analysis, Canonical Variate Analysis, and Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) using PAST 2.13 software. Furthermore, shape differences could be observed in the shape representation of Elliptic Fourier Shape analysis as well as in the PCA diagrams and CVA scatter plots.

Index Terms—Abdominal sternum, B. longissima, geometric morphometircs, morphology, shape variability.

Abigail R. Cuyacot and Cesar G. Demayo are with the Department of Biological Sciences, CSM, MSU-IIT, Iligan City, Philippines (e-mail: abigailcuyacot@gmail.com).
Emma M. Sabado is with the Plant Science Department, COA, MSU-Main Campus, Marawi City, Philippines (e-mail: emcsab@yahoo.com).

Cite: Abigail R. Cuyacot, Emma M. Sabado, and Cesar G. Demayo, "Variability in the Last Abdominal Sternum of Brontispa longissima Populations Using Outline-Based Geometric Morphometric Analysis," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 299-303, 2014.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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