Volume 4 Number 1 (Jan. 2014)
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IJBBB 2014 Vol.4(1): 7-10 ISSN: 2010-3638
DOI: 10.7763/IJBBB.2014.V4.300

Removal of Chromium (VI) by Bacillus subtilis Isolated from East Calcutta Wetlands, West Bengal, India

Srabanti Basu, Monikankana Dasgupta, and Bhaswati Chakraborty
Abstract—Chromium (VI), one of the major pollutants released from tanneries, dye and textile industries, is highly toxic and carcinogenic in nature. Chemical methods for bulk treatment of industrial effluents often fail to reduce the level to meet the environmental regulations. For end of the pipe treatment, bioremediation is considered a better alternative. East Calcutta Wetlands, the major sewage treatment site of Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta), has been reported to be contaminated with several heavy metals including chromium (VI). Therefore, there is a possibility that bacterial population of this region can tolerate chromium (VI) and would be useful for bioremediation of chromium (VI). A strain of Bacillus subtilis isolated from this region was grown in presence of chromium (VI) (2.5 ug/L–7.5 5 ug/L). There were 97% and 90% reduction of residual chromium concentration in growth media after 24 hours with initial concentrations of 2.5 ug/L and 5 ug/L respectively. Best removal was observed at 30oC. Growth of the Bacillus strain in presence of chromium (VI) was found to be best fit for Tessier model by non-linear regression analysis using MATLAB® 7.4. The Bacillus strain has the potential for the end of the pipe treatment removal of chromium (VI).

Index Terms—Bioremediation, chromium, East Calcutta Wetlands, kinetic modeling.

Srabanti Basu, Monikankana Dasgupta and Bhaswati Chakraborty are with the Department of Biotechnology, Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata 700107, India (e-mail: srabanti_b@yahoo.co.uk, monikankana.dasgupta@gmail.com, bhaswati77@gmail.com).

 

Cite: Srabanti Basu, Monikankana Dasgupta, and Bhaswati Chakraborty, "Removal of Chromium (VI) by Bacillus subtilis Isolated from East Calcutta Wetlands, West Bengal, India," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 7-10, 2014.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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