Volume 3 Number 4 (Jul. 2013)
Home > Archive > 2013 > Volume 3 Number 4 (Jul. 2013) >
IJBBB 2013 Vol.3(4): 301-305 ISSN: 2010-3638
DOI: 10.7763/IJBBB.2013.V3.218

Acute and Oral Subacute Toxicity Study of Ethanolic Extract of Cosmos Caudatus Leaf in Sprague Dawley Rats

O. Farah Amna, H. Nooraain, A. Noriham, A. H. Azizah, and R. Nurul Husna
Abstract—Cosmos caudatus, commonly known as ‘Ulam Raja’ by the locals, belongs to the botanical family Asteraceae. The plant is traditionally used in Malaysia for many beneficial claims such as for reducing body heat, as an anti-aging agent, improving blood circulation, promoting fresh breath, strengthening bone marrow and treating infections associated with pathogenic microorganisms. This study investigated the acute and subacute toxicity effects of C. caudatus, as per OECD Guidelines 423 for acute and 407 for subacute protocols. Haematological assessments as well as the body and organs weights of the rats were measured. For acute toxicity study, no evidence of toxicity attributable to the treatment was observed on behavioural pattern, haematological evaluation and organ weight in both treated and control groups. A significant weight gained (p<0.05) in rats that received 5000 mg/kg extract was observed, however, gross examination of internal organs revealed no detectable inflammation. For subacute toxicity study, there was a significant increased (p<0.05) in water intake (ml/day) in 250 and 500 mg/kg treated groups as compared with control while food intake and weight gain are comparable in all groups. A significant decreased (p<0.05) of lung and liver weights was observed in all treated groups while kidney weight of rats treated with 500 mg/kg of extract decreased significantly as compared with control. Haematological evaluation showed no significant difference except for packed cell volume (PCV) that decreased significantly (p<0.05) among the treated groups. In addition, red blood cells (RBC) of both groups of rats that received 250 and 500 mg/kg decreased significantly (p<0.05) as compared to the control group. Meanwhile, white blood cells (WBC) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were significantly different (p<0.05) among those rats that received 125 and 500 mg/kg extracts, respectively, as compared with control. The finding therefore revealed that different concentrations of the extract had induced different toxicity effects among the rats especially on subacute toxicity study. It is recommended that a comprehensive study to be conducted to ascertain the toxicity effects of C. caudatus on other biological parameters.

Index TermsCosmos caudatus, feeding pattern, haematology test, organ weight, toxicity test.

O. Farah Amna, H. Nooraain, A. Noriham, and R. Nurul Husna are with Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) (e-mail: farahamna88@gmail.com, nooraain@salam.uitm.edu.my, noriham985@salam.uitm.edu.my, husnarosli88@gmail.com).
A. H. Azizah is with Food Biotechnology Department at Agro-Biotechnology Institute (ABI), on leave from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) (e-mail: azizahhamid@mosti.gov.my).

 

Cite:O. Farah Amna, H. Nooraain, A. Noriham, A. H. Azizah, and R. Nurul Husna, "Acute and Oral Subacute Toxicity Study of Ethanolic Extract of Cosmos Caudatus Leaf in Sprague Dawley Rats," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 301-305, 2013.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
  • Jan 05, 2017 News!

    [CFP] 2017 the annual meeting of IJBBB Editorial Board, ICOCB 2017, will be held in Jakarta, Indonesia during May 24-26, 2017. [Click]

  • Sep 12, 2017 News!

    The papers published in Vol. 7, No. 4 have all received dois from Crossref. [Click]

  • Aug 29, 2017 News!

    IJBBB Vol. 7, No. 4 has been published online!  [Click]

  • Jun 12, 2017 News!

    The papers published in Vol. 7, No. 3 have all received dois from Crossref. [Click]

  • May 19, 2017 News!

    IJBBB Vol. 7, No. 3 has been published online!  [Click]

  • Read more>>