Volume 2 Number 5 (Sep. 2012)
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IJBBB 2012 Vol.2(5): 336-341 ISSN: 2010-3638
DOI: 10.7763/IJBBB.2012.V2.128

Isolation and Characterization of Bacillus Subtilis KC3 for Amylolytic Activity

Vijayalakshmi, K. Sushma, S. Abha, and P. Chander

Abstract—Microbial α-amylase is a highly demanded industrial enzyme with extensive commercial applications in various sectors. Studies were carried out with a bacterial strain producing extracellular α-amylase, isolated from rhizospheric soil of Euphorbia hirta. The isolate was gram positive, motile rod, bearing terminal endospore. It exhibited >98% similarity with the reference strains in the GenBank. The phylogenetic tree constructed on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that it clustered with the closest members of Bacillus subtilis and identified as Bacillus subtilis KC3. Furthermore, the effects of incubation period, temperature, pH, different carbon and nitrogen sources, metal salts and different substrate concentrations of the medium were optimized. The maximum enzyme production was found after 48 h (22.92 U/ml) of incubation at temperature 40°C and pH 7. The optimal temperature and pH for enzyme activity were 50°C and 6.5 respectively. Barley starch (27.27 U/ml) was observed to be the best inducer followed by corn starch (24.30 U/ml) and maltose (19.10 U/ml). The addition of glucose to the culture medium greatly reduced the synthesis of α-amylase (5.45 U/ml) which demonstrates that a classical glucose effect is operative in this organism. The effects of different metal ions (Ca2+, Fe2+, Mg2+, Zn2+ and Cu2+) on amylolytic activity were investigated and it was found that 0.1% of Ca2+ increased enzyme production (28.83U/ml), whereas other metal ions exhibited inhibitory effects. The enzyme production was maximum at 2% substrate (starch) concentration, which declined beyond it. These characteristics of Bacillus subtilis KC3, suggest that this is a promising isolate which merits further investigations for potential applications in various biotechnological processes.

Index Terms—α-amylase, bacillus subtilis KC3, euphorbia hirta, rhizospheric soil

The authors are with the Department of Botany, P. U., Patna- 800005, Bihar, India (e-mail: vijayalakshminishant@gmail.com; ksushmabt@gmail.com; Tel. +91-9470412424, singh.abhabt@gmail.com; Tel. +91-9430458247, cp_ptc@yahoo.co.in).

Cite: Vijayalakshmi, K. Sushma, S. Abha, and P. Chander, "Isolation and Characterization of Bacillus Subtilis KC3 for Amylolytic Activity," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 336-341, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. Bioinform.
Frequency: Quarterly 
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing:  Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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