Volume 2 Number 5 (Sep. 2012)
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IJBBB 2012 Vol.2(5): 320-323 ISSN: 2010-3638
DOI: 10.7763/IJBBB.2012.V2.125

Comparison of Thermogenic Effect between Meals Containing Protein Predominantly from Animal and Plant Sources

A. Fahmy Arif Tsani, Myung-Hee Kim, and Eun-Kyung Kim

Abstract—Recently there are many efforts to increase thermic effect of food (TEF) by changing nutrient sources, which may be relevant for weight loss program. The aim of this study was to compare the thermic effects of different protein sources, animal and plant protein diet, on postprandial energy expenditures (PEE). Seven healthy female university students (mean age 22.3±0.5 yrs) participated in two isoenergetic meal ingestions. Animal and plant protein diet were represented by breast chicken and tofu meal, respectively. Each meal provided 15% of individual energy need, which were composed of 22/18/60% as protein/fat/carbohydrates. Resting energy expenditure were measured in pre- and post-prandial state (every 30-min during 4 hours) using an indirect calorimetry. There were no significant differences in PEE between chicken and tofu meal. PEE of chicken meal group increased more rapidly (peak at 30 min) than those of tofu meal (peak at 120 min). However, PEE of tofu meal decreased relatively faster after peak time. Total thermogenesis of animal protein diet was 16.8 kcal/4h, higher than plant protein diet’s (13.7 kcal/4h), but not significantly different. 8.68% of energy intake in animal protein diet and 6.94% in plant protein diet were oxidized as thermic effects for the digestion and absorption of the diets. Further studies that using higher energy content and protein composition in test meals should be continued to find the adequate protein source for increasing TEF.

Index Terms—FFemale adult, indirect calorimetry, protein, thermic effect of food.

A. F. A. Tsani is with the School of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia. Currently as postgraduate student of Food and Nutrition Department, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Kangwon-do 210-702 South Korea (e-mail: fahmi_tsani@yahoo.com).
M. H. Kim and E. K. Kim are with the Food and Nutrition Department, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Kangwon-do 210-702 South Korea (e-mail: milimhol@hanmail.net, ekkim@gwnu.ac.kr).

 

Cite: A. Fahmy Arif Tsani, Myung-Hee Kim, and Eun-Kyung Kim, "Comparison of Thermogenic Effect between Meals Containing Protein Predominantly from Animal and Plant Sources," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 320-323, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3638
Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2015); Quarterly (Since 2016)
DOI: 10.17706/IJBBB
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ebtisam Heikal 
Abstracting/ Indexing: Electronic Journals Library, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Engineering & Technology Digital Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest.
E-mail: ijbbb@iap.org
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